Before After Case Study
Crowding occurs when the dental arch is too small to accommodate the teeth. Severe crowding can result in the bone and gums becoming thin and receding, and people with severely crowded teeth are more susceptible to gum disease as it is difficult for them to brush and floss well. Other consequences include impacted teeth (teeth which should have grown in but cannot because of the lack of space), difficulty biting and chewing and an unattractive appearance. All of these patients had crowding sufficiently severe to require premolar extractions before treatment.
With a deep bite the upper teeth cover the lower teeth. The lower teeth can come up so far behind the front teeth that the patient is biting onto their gums. A deep bite can cause excessive wear to the front teeth and gum damage.
In a “normal” jaw structure, the teeth of the upper jaw are slightly outside the lower jaw. However, there are conditions where the overlap is excessive (overbite) and those where the lower jaw extends beyond the upper jaw (under bite). Cross bite is yet another condition of the teeth where the position of one or more teeth is reversed.
A diastema is a space or gap between two teeth. It appears most often between the two upper front teeth. However, gaps can occur between any two teeth. A mismatch between the size of the jaw bones and the size of the teeth can cause either extra space between teeth or crowding of teeth. If the teeth are too small for the jaw bone, spaces between the teeth will occur. If the teeth are too big for the jaw, teeth will be crowded.
An impacted tooth simply means that it is “stuck” and can not erupt into function. Patients frequently develop problems with impacted third molar (wisdom) teeth. These teeth get “stuck” in the back of the jaw and can develop painful infections among a host of other problems
Specialist in Orthodontics
Dr Rachna Dattani
BDS Hons, MFDS RCS (Edin), MClinDent (Lond), M.Orth RCS (Edin)
Dr Rachna Dattani is passionate about her work as an orthodontist, and it shows with each beautiful smile she creates. ‘My patients are my primary focus, always bringing new challenges. I strive to meet the unique needs of each patient and I enjoy learning something new every day’.